Tonsils and adenoids, located in the back of your throat, help protect your body from infections by trapping germs that enter through your mouth and nose. Often your tonsils and adenoids themselves become infected. Frequent severe infections in the tonsils and adenoids may suggest a need for a tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy, surgeries in which your child’s tonsils and/or adenoids are removed to reduce further infection.  A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy may also be performed if your child’s tonsils and adenoids become enlarged and affect their breathing during sleep. Often the enlargement of the tonsils and adenoids causes snoring and brief stops in the pattern of breathing while sleeping, called apneas. Removal of the tonsils and adenoids in such cases can allow your child a better night sleep.